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China's Gas-Fueled Vehicle Population Rose to the World Top

Performance and world ranking of gas-fueled vehicles

 Since the establishment of the CNG refueling station in Rong County of Zigong City, Sichuan Province on March 14, 1989, China has been committed to the development of gas-fueled vehicles for 26 years. By the end of 2014, China had a gas-fueled vehicle population of 4,595,000 (among which 184,000 were LNG vehicles), with nearly 7,000 refueling stations (among which about 2500 were LNG refueling stations). Both the CNG and LNG vehicles populations and their respective numbers of refueling stations ranked first in the world, as shown in Table I: 

Rank Country NGV Population (ten thousand units) Number of Refueling Stations 
1 China 441.1 4455
2 Iran 400 2220
3 Pakistan 370 2997
4 Argentina 248.7349 1939
5 India 180 936
6 Brazil 178.1102 1805
7 Italy 88.53 1049
8 Columbia 50 692
9 Thailand 45.711 497
10 Uzbekistan 45 213
Global total 83 countries and territories 2274.6 26523

 

 Rapid development of China's gas-fueled vehicles in recent five years

 China's CNG and LNG vehicles have experienced a rapid development in the past five years from 2010 to 2014, as shown in Table II and Table III:

 Table II: China’s CNG Vehicle Population and Refueling Station Number in Recent Five Years

 Year  Vehicle Population (ten thousand)  Year-on-year Growth (%) World Ranking  Number of Refueling Stations  Year-on-year Growth (%)  World Ranking 
 2010  110  22.2  -  1800  28.6  -
 2011  148.5  35  5  2300  27.8  -
 2012  208.5  40.4  3  3014  31  2
 2013  323.5  55.2  2  3732  23.8  1
 2014  441.1  36.6  1  4455  19.4  1

 Table III: China’s LNG Vehicle Population and Refueling Station Number in Recent Five Years

 

Year Vehicle Population (ten thousand) Year-on-year Growth (%) Number of Refueling Stations Year-on-year Growth (%)
2010 1   About 100  
2011 3.8 280 About 200 100
2012 7.5 97.4 Over 600 200
2013 13 73.3 1844 207
2014 18.4 33.5 About 2500 35.6
Note: Both the LNG vehicle population and refueling station number of China have been ranking first in the world as of 2012

Among the 4,411,000 CNG vehicles, about 80% were "oil-to-gas" vehicles (over 90% in Sichuan and over 95% in Zigong), and the rest 20% were OEM vehicles. On the other hand, more than 90% of the 184,000 LNG vehicles were OEM vehicles, with a proportion of "oil-to-gas" vehicles less than 10%. The natural gas consumption reached up to 36.8 billion cubic meters in 2014, accounting for about 20% of the total natural gas consumption the same year. All these contributed a lot to the control of atmospheric pollution (represented by haze) and enhancement of gas-fueled vehicles proportion in the China's primary energy consumption.

 In particular, the development pace in Shandong and Xinjiang were surprising. The CNG vehicle population of Shandong soared from 694,500 in the previous year to 892,500 in 2014, at a growth rate of 28.5%. The numbers in such prefecture-level administrative regions as Dezhou, Dongying and Zibo even went beyond 100,000 (see Table IV). As a matter of fact, the CNG vehicle population ranked seventh in the world, just prior to Italy, the birthplace of gas-fueled vehicles. Besides, the province had both its LNG vehicle population (up to 18,000 units) and number of refueling stations (over 200) taken the first place in the country.

Table IV: CNG Vehicle Population and Refueling Station Number of Shandong Province in 2014

City Dezhou Dongying Zibo Liaocheng Jinan Weifang Yantai Binzhou
CNGV (units) 165000 160000 105000 64000 55000 55000 50000 45000
Number of Refueling Stations 62 33 43 34 53 26 25 23
City Linyi Tai'an Jining Heze Qingdao Laiwu Rizhao Zaozhuang
CNGV (units) 45000 28000 23000 23000 21000 20000 18000 9000
Number of Refueling Stations 32 17 30 17 55 12 16 8
City Weihai Total            
CNGV (units) 6500 892500            
Number of Refueling Stations 12 498            

The CNG vehicle population of Xinjiang also soared from the 651,700 in the last year to 826,000 in 2014, at a growth rate of 27.5%. It is worth mentioning that the gas-fueled vehicle population reached up to 30% of the total vehicle population in the province, ranking first in the country. The numbers in such prefecture-level administrative regions as Urumqi, Bayingolin, Aksu and Changji even exceeded 100,000 (see Table V). In addition, the CNG vehicle population of Xinjiang ranked ninth in the world.

 Table V: CNG Vehicle Population and Refueling Station Number of Xinjiang Province in 2014

City Urumqi Changji Aksu Bayingolin Ili Kashgar Shihezi Turpan
CNGV (units) 185000 130000 120000 120000 80000 60000 49000 20000
Number of Refueling Stations 149 54 60 97 47 51 28 26
City Hotan Bortala Karamay Hami Tacheng Kizilsu Kirghiz Altay Alar
CNGV (units) 20000 10000 7000 6000 6000 5000 3000 3000
Number of Refueling Stations 23 9 24 21 23 16 9 14
City Wujiaqu Total            
CNGV (units) 2000 826000            
Number of Refueling Stations 7 694            

Furthermore, Sichuan Province ranked the third in the country with a CNG vehicle population of more than 400,000 (see Table VI); followed by Hebei Province ranking fourth with a vehicle population of more than 300,000; Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Gansu, Henan and Shaanxi with vehicle populations over 200,000; as well as Shanxi and Anhui with vehicle populations over 100,000.

Table VI: CNG Vehicle Population and Refueling Station Number of Sichuan Province in 2014

City Chengdu Mianyang Deyang Nanchong Dazhou Suining Zigong Leshan
CNGV (units) 124000 70000 50465 35833 26291 21850 17800 16635
Number of Refueling Stations 107 39 21 21 14 14 16 17
City Bazhong Meishan Neijiang Yibin Luzhou Guang'an Ziyang Guangyuan
CNGV (units) 12444 11900 11343 9951 9449 6901 6672 6485
Number of Refueling Stations 4 11 5 8 15 14 8 8
City Ya'an Aba Liangshan Ganzi Panzhihua Total      
CNGV (units) 3266 350 340 50 30 442055    
Number of Refueling Stations 3 1 1 1 2 330    

86 prefecture-level and above administrative regions had a CNG vehicle population over 10,000 across the country. Wherein, 13 cities (including Urumqi and Dezhou) held more than 100,000 each, adding up to 1,664,000, accounting for 37.7% of the country's total CNG vehicle population. Another 13 cities (including Chongqing and Zhengzhou) held 50,000-100,000 each, adding up to 818,465, accounting for 18.5% of the national total. Such 26 cities had a total CNG vehicle population of 2,482,465, accounting for 56.2% of the country's total CNG vehicle population, whilst revealing a high degree of concentration. Moreover, 183 prefecture-level and above administrative regions had a CNG vehicle population over 1,000, among which 12 cities held more than 10,000 each, adding up to 172,899, accounting for 24.1% of the country's total CNG vehicle population. Another 25 cities had a number of CNG buses over 1,000 each, adding up to 85,632, accounting for 58.8% of the country's total CNG bus population (only Chengdu had a number over 10,000). 11 cities held more than 1,000 LNG buses each, adding up to 20,213, accounting for 44.6% of the national total.

 Predictions for 2020

(1) China's gas-fueled vehicle population is expected to reach 10.5-11 million in 2020, of which 400,000-500,000 will be LNG vehicles, accounting for more than 5% of the national vehicle population the same year. The respective numbers of CNG and LNG refueling stations will reach up to 9,000-10,000 and 4,500-5,000, with a widening gap away from the country holding the world's second largest gas-fueled vehicle population.

(2) The proportion of "dual-fuel" taxi population is expected to reach 85% -90% in 2020, while that of gas-fueled bus and coach vehicle population will reach more than 50% , with a LNG heavy truck fleet proportion increased to over 30%.

(3) China's vehicle-used natural gas consumption is expected to reach 80-90 billion cubic meters in 2020, accounting for over 25% of the country's total natural gas consumption. It will go beyond the gas consumptions of both residents and industries, leaping to the first place of natural gas consumption.

(4) Both gas-fueled vehicle populations in Shandong and Xinjiang are expected to break through 1 million within 2 years.

(5) By 2020, at least, the position of gas-fueled vehicles, the preferred automotive clean energy as a replacement of gasoline and diesel, will remain unshakable!